Belly Fat – Research suggests that higher BMI and waist circumference may contribute to fatigue, weakness and physical decline. A midlife belly bulge and excess weight may increase your chances of frailty in old age, according to a new study published Jan. 23 in BMJ Open.
Scientists in Norway looked at data from nearly 4,500 people aged 45 or older at the start of the study, followed for an average of 21 years, and found that individuals who had higher waist circumference measurements at the start were twice as likely to be frail or pre-frail.
Was. (meaning at a higher risk of being frail) than those who started with a normal waist size.
What Is Fault and Pre-Fault?
For this study, the researchers defined vulnerabilities according to a commonly used assessment scale that establishes a “vulnerable” individual as having at least three of the following five criteria:
● Weak Grip Strength
● Slow Walking Speed
● Low Physical Activity Level
● Unintentional Weight Loss
A pre-vulnerable person has one or two of these characteristics.
Larger Waist Size May Increase Risk of Frailty
Using requirements set through the World Health Organization (WHO), the researchers described a “normal” waist circumferenceas approximately 37 inches or less for men and approximately 31 inches or less for women.
A reasonably big waist become described as about 37 to forty inches for guys and 32 to 35 inches for women.High waist circumference changed into something above the ones figures.
While individuals with higher waist circumference measurements.
The beginning of the study were twice as likely to be frail or pre-frail at the end, those with a moderately large waistline still faced a 57 percent greater chance of being frail or pre-frail. It was lying Whose stomach is of normal size.
For those with a broad body mass index, or BMI, the odds of being frail or pre-frail at the end of the monitoring period were nearly two and a half times higher than those with a normal BMI. Body mass index is the ratio of weight to height.
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), a BMI less than 18.five is taken into consideration underweight, 18.five to 24.nine is in the wholesome range, 25 to 29.9 is within the overweight range, and 30 or more is considered obese. Is.
However, the greatest risk was from both a high BMI and a large waist. Those who started the study with both conditions were three times more likely to be frail than those without those conditions.
Our findings indicated that individuals who had both a high BMI and high waist circumference at baseline were more likely to be pre-frail or frail later in life than other groups,” said lead study author Sreeshati Uchai.
Department of Nutrition on the University of Oslo in Norway.”This factors to the significance of tracking now no longer handiest our BMI however additionally our waist circumference during adulthood.
Why BMI and Waist Size Together Are a Better Measure of Obesity
BMI (frame mass index) is a degree of a person’s weight and top which can imply excessive frame fatness however does now no longer account for frame composition.
You can have a bodybuilder whose BMI falls into the obese range who is actually very fit and has high muscle [mass],” says Chika Anekwe, MD, MPH, an obesity medicine physician at Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School.
I call an instructor. Medical School in Boston that was not involved in the new study. Waist size adds an additional measurement that better accounts for fat.
The height research highlights the importance of waist size when it comes to health and expands on previous research showing a link between obesity and frailty. The Cleveland Clinic says that a waist measurement of 35 inches or more for women and 40 inches or more for men means you have visceral fat (belly fat found deep within your abdominal cavity).
How Excess Fat Around the Middle Can Lead To Frailty
Weakness can trigger many health problems. Dr.Anekwe notes that frailty is “related to an improved threat of negative activities such asfalls, disability, hospitalization, and decreased quality of life, all of which increase the risk of mortality.
John Batsis, MD, an partner professor of geriatric medication on the University of North Carolina School of Medicinein Chapel Hill, also not involved in the new study, says excess abdominal fat may contribute to frailty.
“Visceral fats promotes inflammation, which then has greater vast results on different organs and one’sphysiology—including changes in muscle mass and body composition, significant changes in skeletal muscle mass and strength. [These effects] Often weakness and spasticity lead to disability”
Decreased muscle strength and function from obesity has been linked to lipids (fats in the blood) infiltrating muscle fibers. As with height, frail older adults also have reduced physiological reserves, which reduces their resilience to external stress and makes them frail.
Study Challenges the Idea of ‘Fat but Fit’
While some health experts believe that a person can be “fat but fit,” this research appears to support the opposite. “Studies like this reinforce the fact that there is no ‘fat but fit‘ concept, as this study clearly shows that putting on weight above guideline cutoffs has a mechanical effect on the body
In this case weakness – due to other mechanical conditions such as osteoarthritis,” says Peminda K. , MD, an endocrinologist at the Cleveland Clinic. Cabandugama, who was not involved in the study.
He stressed that this study sends a message that individuals of any age should try to achieve the right weight to be able to carr out activities of daily living with the least amount of discomfort.
“Obesity is a chronic disease like all the others and it needs to be treated as such with lifelong management,”